This is not a tutorial for learning npm, the official docs are good place to get started, but a collection of tips and tricks that will help you do more with the
Let’s jump right into the list of useful commands:
The NPM registry is a treasure trove for finding packages that do useful stuff and aren’t just for programmers.
For instance, the
speed-test package shows the speed of your internet connection. The
emoj packages helps you search for emojis from the terminal. And
wifi-passwords is a simple way to know the password of your current WiFi network.
You can run these utility packages directly from the command line without installing them using the npx command.
npx speed-test npx emoj unicorn npx public-ip-cli npx wifi-password-cli
You’ve probably used
npm install to install packages, and dependencies, in the local
node_modules folder of a project. Replace this command with npm-ci and you’ll be able to install packages significantly faster.
If a node_modules folder is already present, it will be automatically removed before
npm ci begins to install packages.
If you have been working with npm packages for some time, the various
node_modules folders on the disks could be consuming several gigabytes of space. The very useful npkill finds all node_modules folders on your system and lets you delete them interactively.
Most developers use the
git clone command to download a Git repository. However, this also downloads the entire git history making the process slower. The degit package can download the latest commit to the master branch locally and you need not specify the full Github URL.
npx degit username/repo npx degit labnol/apps-script-starter
Generate a list of all npm packages that are installed on the system with global scope. Remove the
-g flag to list only packages installed in the current project directory.
npm ls --depth=0 npm ls -g
The depcheck command will list all the npm packages that are not used in the project based on the dependencies in
Use the command
npm uninstall <package-name> to uninstall any unused package.
Get a list of all outdated packages in your current project. This command checks every single module listed in the
package.json file and compares it with the latest version available in the NPM registry.
-g flag to get all outdated packages that are installed globally on the system.
npm outdated npm outdated -g
The ncu command will update the
package.json file with the latest version of the packages listed in the
Or use the
npm-check -u command to update packages to their latest version in interactive mode.
npm-check npm-check -u ncu -u
Use the prune command to remove all packages that are installed locally but not listed in the
package.json file. If the —dry-run flag is used then no changes will actually be made.
Alternatively, you can remove the
node_modules folder and run
npm ci again.
audit command to check for vulnerabilities in the packages listed in the
devDependencies sections. Add the
fix flag to automatically apply the fixes, if any.
npm audit npm audit fix
- bundlephobia.com - Upload your
package.jsonfile and get an idea of how much it would cost (size-wise) to install the dependencies.
- diff.intrinsic.com - Compare any two versions of a npm package and know which files have changed in the update.
- npmtrends.com - Compare the relative popularity of packages across the npm registry based on the number of downloads.